MUKACHEVO DISTRICT
 

Located on the crossroads of trade routes, Mukachevo district has been inhabited since ancient times, as evidenced by archaeologists, who discovered settlement sites from the Paleolithic and the late Neolithic periods. And in the outskirts of Mukachevo town, there was a fortified settlement Halish and Lovachka. The objects found by archaeologists proved that in the III century BC there was a Celtic metallurgical center here (the second largest in Europe). About a thousand tools used in farming were found at the archeological site (scissors for sheep shearing, scythes, mealing stone, knives, anvils, shields, etc.). But even more important discovery for archaeologists is the burial place of ancient Slavs of VII-III centuries BC near the village of Kushtanovytsa, which is known as Kushtanovytsa culture.
Mukachevo district is located in the western part of Zakarpattia region and borders with Uzhhorod, Berehovo, Irshava, Perechyn and Svaliava districts. The administrative center is in Mukachevo town.
The international highway E50 connecting Western Europe with Ukraine, as well as Uzhhorod-Irshava and Uzhhorod-Svalyava regional highways run through Mukachevo district.
Lviv-Chop railway line passes through Mukachevo district too. The railway stations are located in Mukachevo, Chynadievo, Kolchyno, Barkasovo and Strabychovo.
One of the largest rivers in Zakarpattia Latorytsa flows through the district.
The territory where Mukachevo district is located has been inhabited since ancient times. The district was formed around the town of Mukachevo, which grew near Palanok castle. The district first obtained its legal status in 1376, when the Queen of Hungary Erzhebet granted to Mukachevo a certificate for the right to use its own seal on documents.
There are unique historical and architectural monuments in Mukachevo, which are worth visiting, namely:
- Mukachevo castle Palanok (XIV-XVIII centuries);
- Palace of Rakotsi, also called the White House (1667-1748);
- St. Martin chapel (XIV century);
- Mykolaivskyi Monastery: Mykolaivska Church (1789-1806), cells with a bell tower (1772) in the town of Mukachevo;
- City Council called Town Hall Building (1906);
- Dmytrivska Church (XVII century, reconstructed in 1758, 1910);
- the unique Palace of Shenborn Counts (1890-1895), situated on the territory of Karpaty health resort;
- Saint-Miklos Castle (XV-XVII centuries) in Chynadiiovo village;
- Wooden temple of the XVII century in Vilkhovytsa village;
Natural landmarks worth mentioning:
- Obavskyi Stone - a vent part of the volcano, a heap of boulders;
- Synie Lake near Syniak village, situated at an altitude of 600 m above the sea level. Sulfur-, sulfate- and calcium containing water in the lake has healing properties.
- Cleavage of rocks of blue colour near Syniak village - bare rocks of the pre-glacial period under the summit of Mount Buz, which gave the area its name.
- Skakalo Waterfall (Nyzhnia Hrabivnytsa tr.), which formed in the place of volcanic rocks release, on a mountain stream in the valley of the Syniavka river (a right tributary of the Irshavka river of the Tysa river basin). The stone ridge crossing the wooded slope of the mountain blocks the flow of water here, and the creek falls down from the brows in three levels, forming a 7-meter cascade of currents, which seem to jump from one stone to another.
On the territory of Mukachevo district there are well-known Syniak and Karpaty health resorts.
Throughout the year, various cultural events and festivals take place in Mukachevo district such as:
- wine festival called Chervene Vyno (Mukachevo);
- St. Martin's day (Mukachevo);
- Varyshske pyvo (Mukachevo);
- gastronomic festival Ogyn i Miaso (Mukachevo);
- Festival of historical reconstruction called Sribnyi Tatosh (Chynadievo village);
Tourists and visitors have the opportunity to stay in modern hotels, tourist centres and village manors and try dishes of regional cuisine at local restaurants.